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4 definitions found
 for proviso
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Proviso \Pro*vi"so\, n.; pl. Provisos. [L., (it) being
     provided, abl. of provisus, p. p. of providere. See
     Provide, and cf. Purview.]
     An article or clause in any statute, agreement, contract,
     grant, or other writing, by which a condition is introduced,
     usually beginning with the word provided; a conditional
     stipulation that affects an agreement, contract, law, grant,
     or the like; as, the contract was impaired by its proviso.
     [1913 Webster]
           He doth deny his prisoners,
           But with proviso and exception.          --Shak.
     [1913 Webster]

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: a stipulated condition; "he accepted subject to one
           provision" [syn: provision, proviso]

From Moby Thesaurus II by Grady Ward, 1.0 :

  45 Moby Thesaurus words for "proviso":
     bill, boundary condition, calendar, catch, clause,
     companion bills amendment, condition, donnee, dragnet clause,
     enacting clause, escalator clause, escape clause, escape hatch,
     exception, fine print, given, grounds, hold-up bill, joker, kicker,
     limiting condition, motion, obligation, omnibus bill, parameter,
     prerequisite, privileged question, provision, provisions,
     qualification, question, requisite, reservation, rider,
     saving clause, sine qua non, small print, specification,
     stipulation, string, strings, term, terms, ultimatum, whereas

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  PROVISO. The name of a clause inserted in an act of the legislature, a deed, 
  a written agreement, or other instrument, which generally contains a 
  condition that a certain thing shall or shall not be done, in order that an 
  agreement contained in another clause shall take effect. 
       2. It always implies a condition, unless subsequent words change it to 
  a covenant; but when a proviso contains the mutual words of the parties to a 
  deed, it amounts to a covenant. 2 Co. 72; Cro. Eliz. 242; Moore, 707 Com. on 
  Cov. 105; Lilly's Reg. h.t.; 1 Lev. 155. 
       3. A proviso differs from an exception. 1 Barn. k Ald. 99. An exception 
  exempts, absolutely, from the operation of an engagement or an enactment; a 
  proviso defeats their operation, conditionally. An exception takes out of an 
  engagement or enactment, something which would otherwise be part of the 
  subject-matter of it; a proviso avoids them by way of defeasance or excuse. 
  8 Amer. Jurist, 242; Plowd. 361; Carter 99; 1 Saund. 234 a, note; Lilly's 
  Reg. h.t.; and the cases there cited. Vide, generally Amer. Jurist, No. 16, 
  art. 1; Bac. Ab. Conditions, A; Com. Dig. Condition, A 1, A 2; Darw. on 
  Stat. 660. 

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