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3 definitions found
 for justiciary
From The Collaborative International Dictionary of English v.0.48 :

  Justiciary \Jus*ti"ci*a*ry\, n. [Cf. LL. justitiarius, F.
     justicier. See Justice.] (Old Eng. Law)
     An old name for the judges of the higher English courts.
     [1913 Webster]
     Note: The chief justiciary, or justiciar, in early English
           history, was not only the chief justice of the kingdom,
           but also ex officio regent in the king's absence.
           [1913 Webster]
     Court of justiciary (Scots Law), the supreme criminal
        court, having jurisdiction over the whole of Scotland.

From WordNet (r) 3.0 (2006) :

      n 1: formerly a high judicial officer [syn: justiciar,
      2: the jurisdiction of a justiciar

From Bouvier's Law Dictionary, Revised 6th Ed (1856) :

  JUSTICIARY, officer. Another name for a judge. In Latin, he was called 
  justiciarius, and in French, justicier. Not used. Bac. Ab. Courts and their 
  Jurisdiction, A. 

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